Elmer Baxter was born in Illinois in 1867. Along with his parents, Sylvanus and Elizabeth Baxter, he came to the Issaquah Valley in 1888. Baxter never married and had no children. Just prior to his tenure as town marshal, Baxter worked as a guard in the Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington. In later life, Elmer lived in Renton, Washington, where he died in 1930.